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Psalm 91 commentary david guzik

I have had these experiences, but I suspect most have not. I would venture a guess that most people on the planet are currently less connected with the natural environment and more connected with urban landscape environments or virtual world realities. For an increasingly urban population, the shelter metaphor works for some, but would seem a bit unrecognizable by a large number of others. Maybe the image of a home -- however it is defined -- could work.

They are easily broken into by thieves and enemies, twisted and torn by tornados, blown or washed away by hurricanes and floods, and burned to the ground by electrical wiring problems, fireplace sparks, or natural causes such as lightning. The idea of a home as a fortress of strength is weak in my estimation. If it cannot protect against naturally occurring or human-made threats, then it could not serve as an apt metaphor for the activity of God.

For the people living in the Middle East the idea of rocky outcroppings providing shelter from the hot sun or enemies would have been well known. Yet unlike a rock shelter or fortress that can be overrun with a degree of effort, the Psalmist declares that God cannot be overtaken by anything we may encounter that threatens our life or the lives of those whom we love.

The notion of God as a protective refuge provides a mental image that coalesces well with the idea of a rock shelter or fortress. God as refuge The psalmist may have been hoping to convey something about how the life of faith works. Regarding the LORD as your personal refuge is a decision to place your habitation -- your life itself -- in a place that cannot be broken by the stresses and strains of life. No harm or disaster will befall you, angels will guard you and your ways, you will be protected from things that would threaten to undo you, and furthermore you will be able to thwart the threatening possibilities that arise in the natural environment.

This section of the Psalm is that which we hear in the New Testament -- Matthew and Luke quoted by the devil to Jesus. God has a commitment to people who are in relationship with God. Prayer to God is a means for calling on God and God will provide an answer.

However, there is no assurance that the answer will be yes. It may be no. And we will then need to trust that God knows better than us the effects of the yes and no answers. I think in part the psalmist is affirming that God will be with people in trouble, but may not make the trouble go away. God will deliver and honor those in relationship and will provide a means through the trouble.

God will satisfy the faithful with life abundant and grant salvation. Where is God? One of the curious things about the Psalms is that there is often a declaration to the effect that if one is trusts God then no harm will come to them. Unfortunately, experience teaches something quite different. People of faith do get cancer, heart disease, heart attacks, and die from any number of diseases. People of faith are crushed in spirit by acrid verbal attacks, broken in body and mind by physical and emotional abuse, and find themselves in a hospital or die as a result of all forms of violence.

People who do trust in God are acquainted with poverty, lack of food and clothing, and experience starvation. So is the Psalmist correct here? What shall we make of such an assertion? When I was involved with professional ministry I regularly encountered people who claimed that if you had enough faith then no harm would befall you.

But they too experienced all of the maladies and brokenness known to humankind. If we look at the text from the vantage point of poetics then perhaps the murky water becomes a bit clearer. The people of Israel had a propensity -- like people in all ages -- to become sidetracked, distracted, and distorted in their faithful following of God.

Committing corporate life to God is a greater calling than a solely personal one. There is a relationship at stake here. It is a matter of us being right with God. The Psalmist pushes us to push out the boundaries and discover something about the refuge of God that can cover more than one.W hat is Psalm 91 all about? What are things that we can learn from it for today? Psalm 91 appears to be a psalm in the setting of warfare with threats of an imminent battle that is about to, has or is currently taking place between solders that may be facing impossible odds.

If the face of such a harsh reality as this, God is placed in the position of being the protecting parent of His young as their fortress, shield, and protector. I will say to the Lord, My refuge and my fortress, my God, in whom I trust. For he will deliver you from the snare of the fowler and from the deadly pestilence. The one who abides in the shelter or under the protection of the Most High God has a shadow over him or her, much like Gods providing the cloud of glory that protected Israel in her wanderings in the wilderness from the scorching sun and like a fortress, He will deliver those who face the snare or trap or the threat of a deadly pestilence or disease.

The imagery here is that of God being a protective parent bird like the eagle which covers His young under their wings and shades them from the elements and any prey that might attack them.

There is need to fear the night filled with terror or the arrows that are visibly seen flying during the day. There is even the unseen threat of pestilence that seeks their victims under the cover of darkness. The buckler is also part of the protection and this device is a defensive piece of armor used in ancient times when close range attacks occurred.

Here we read about thousands falling to the left and to the right as in the day when Israel battled ancient nations…the land would be scattered with dead bodies so those who read this at the time it was written had a good idea what this meant.

With death all around them God tells them that it will not even come near them because they are not looking at all the dead bodies but their eyes are looking at the Lord Who is recompensing or paying back those who are the enemies. It is only because they have made the Lord God their dwelling place, dwelling in safety and abiding in Him, therefore as their refuge, nothing evil will befall them and no plague will come close to their tents.

You will tread on the lion and the adder; the young lion and the serpent you will trample underfoot. This is the verse that Satan used to tempt the Lord in the Wilderness to tell Jesus to throw Himself off the highest part of the temple Matt because the angels are commanded to protect Him Matt Many people have told me that only the supernatural intervention by angels commanded by God could explain certain miraculous situations that they were involved with, some having their lives being spared.

There has even been protection from the wild predators, snakes, spiders, and a multitude of various other dangerous insects and animals that many have experienced receiving protection from, like Paul when he was bitten by a poisonous snake and should have died Acts Not only does He deliver His own from trouble, He honors them and satisfies them, promises them long life and how long is the life that comes when He shows us His salvation?

How about eternity? All of this because He says we know Him by name v 14 and can call Him Father. This psalm is a powerful chapter when a believer is in a time of crisis.Such a message is timeless. It would have served them well during the Babylonian Exile, when only the eyes of faith could see the possibility that they would ever again see Jerusalem.

It would have served them well when King Cyrus of Persia defeated Babylon and freed Israelites to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the city, where they found a ruined city and were faced with many enemies. If we are to keep our equilibrium in such circumstances, we need assurance that God is with us——that God loves us and is committed to helping us——that God will redeem even our darkest day.

That is a message that we need to hear in good times so that it will bring us strength during bad times.

Matthew Henry :: Commentary on Psalms 91

The Hebrew word sadday means almighty or the Almighty. We find this name as early as Genesisbut whether that name was familiar to Abram is uncertain. It would have been familiar to the author s of Genesis. The other names are all descriptive such as Most High and Almighty. El means god note the small gand can be used for any god.

Elohim is plural, so it can apply to any gods. The Hebrew word seter means a secret place or hiding place. The Hebrew word lin rest means to lodge or dwell or tarry or rest, and can designate either a temporary or permanent lodging. The Hebrew word sel means shadow of shade.

However, the words shadow and shade also acknowledge that the faithful person dwells in a world that is sometimes dark. Even there, God is present. This verse repeats the idea of verse 1b, but with different imagery. Once again, the idea is of the protection afforded by the Almighty God. Under his wings you will take refuge.

His faithfulness is your shield and rampart. The psalmist can feel secure, because he is confident that Yahweh will deliver him from the snare pah of the fowler a person who sets traps to catch birds, usually for eating.

In our experience, most hunting is done with guns instead of traps. However, we are familiar with traps of other kinds:. Muggers would hide in recessed doorways and whack people whom they could reach easily. Today they have to watch for IEDs. The word deber means plague or pestilence. In this case, the psalmist emphasizes its deadly character. Those of us who live in first world countries have almost forgotten the dangers of deadly diseases that spread rapidly and kill large numbers of people.

Vaccines and other medical treatments have almost eliminated them for us. However, when I was a child in the s and 50s, before the polio vaccine became available, I had friends who had suffered from polio. Some suffered mild impairment but others suffered catastrophic impairment. Towns across the country closed their swimming pools.

Our church recently experienced a norovirus that sickened 54 of the 60 people present for worship that Sunday. While no one died, it was a terrible illness that required weeks for recovery.

Plagues and pestilences of various kinds are still occasional threats in first world countries, and are frequent threats in less developed countries. They sicken millions of people every year, and often kill them. So the psalmist is talking about a serious threat when he uses the word deber. We have heard of people who have attributed their recovery from serious illness to the prayers said in their behalf.

I am one of those. But we must also acknowledge that not all prayers for healing are answered.He that dwells in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers.

psalm 91 commentary david guzik

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary. Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible. Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. The change in the last clause presents no particular difficulty, as many similar instances occur; but that from the third person, in the first verse, to the first, in the second, is very awkward, and many shifts have been adopted to get out of it.

By their accumulation the poet makes the sum of assurance doubly sure. Benson Commentary Psalm A shadow, in Scripture, often signifies protection. But there evidently seems to be an allusion to the most holy place in the tabernacle and temple, and to the outstretched wings of the cherubim covering the ark and mercy-seat: see notes on Psalm ; Psalm And it is as if the psalmist had said, He shall dwell like the ark in the holy of holies, under the immediate shadow and protection of the Divine Majesty.

It is justly observed here by Dr. And those who have found the comfort of making the Lord their refuge, cannot but desire that others may do so. The spiritual life is protected by Divine grace from the temptations of Satan, which are as the snares of the fowler, and from the contagion of sin, which is a noisome pestilence. Great security is promised to believers in the midst of danger.

Wisdom shall keep them from being afraid without cause, and faith shall keep them from being unduly afraid. Whatever is done, our heavenly Father's will is done; and we have no reason to fear. God's people shall see, not only God's promises fulfilled, but his threatenings. Then let sinners come unto the Lord upon his mercy-seat, through the Redeemer's name; and encourage others to trust in him also. Barnes' Notes on the Bible He that dwelleth - Everyone that so dwells.

The proposition is universal, and is designed to embrace all who are in this condition. It is true of one; it is true of all. The word rendered "dwelleth" here is a participle from the verb to "sit," and here means "sitting:" literally, "sitting in the secret place," etc.

The idea is that of calm repose; of resting; of sitting down - as one does in his dwelling. In the secret place - On the meaning of this see the notes at Psalm Compare Psalm ; Psalm Abiding where God abides. The idea is that of having one's home or residence in the most holy place in the tabernacle or the temple, and of sitting with him in that sacred place. Of the Most High - Of God, represented as exalted above all; over all the universe. Shall abide - Margin, as in Hebrew, "lodge. He takes up his lodging there; he makes it his home.

Under the shadow of the Almighty - Under his protection, as if under his wings. Compare the notes at Psalm This is a general statement, and is designed as an introduction to the whole psalm, or as expressing what the psalm is intended to illustrate, "the blessedness" of the man who thus dwells with God; who makes him his friend; who makes the home of God his home.

David is the most probable author; and the pestilence, mentioned in 2Sathe most probable of any special occasion to which the Psalm may refer. The changes of person allowable in poetry are here frequently made.

Psalm 91 Abide Deep Sleep Bible Meditations: Angels To Protect You, Psalm 91 KJV & Sleep Peacefully

Such as do so abide or lodge secure from assaults, and can well use the terms of trust in Ps Donor Portal Login. Search verses, phrases, and topics e. JohnJesus faith love. Other Searches.

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Some of the ancients were of opinion that Moses was the penman, not only of the foregoing psalm, which is expressly said to be his, but also of the eight that next follow it; but that cannot be, for Ps. It is probable that this psalm also was penned by David; it is a writ of protection for all true believers, not in the name of king David, or under his broad seal; he needed it himself, especially if the psalm was penned, as some conjecture it was, at the time of the pestilence which was sent for his numbering the people; but in the name of the King of kings, and under the broad seal of Heaven.

In singing this we must shelter ourselves under, and then solace ourselves in, the divine protection. Many think that to Christ, as Mediator, these promises do primarily belong Isa. Here are more promises to the same purport with those in the foregoing verses, and they are exceedingly great and precious, and sure to all the seed. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

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psalm 91 commentary david guzik

Clear Advanced Options. DBY Darby Translation. WEB Webster's Bible. RVR60 Reina-Valera VUL Latin Vulgate. TR Textus Receptus. Search Bible Search. Line-By-Line Order:. Separate Line. Verse Only. Reference Only. No Number. No Delimiter — Square — [15].

Parens — Sort Canonically. None — Jhn KJV.Kay and others accept as borne out by the facts. III, p. One rather perplexing characteristic of this psalm was mentioned by Maclaren, "There are sudden and bewildering changes of persons, from first person to second person, etc. The paragraphing that we follow here is that of Briggs.

psalm 91 commentary david guzik

It seems rather to mean those who consistently worship the God who is enshrined there, or to, "Those who make the temple of God their habitual resort. Two perils are mentioned here, 1 the snare of the fowler, and 2 the deadly pestilence. Both of these indicate the type of peril that is unseen, striking the strong and the weak alike. The other danger here is "the deadly pestilence.

The great pestilence of was the swine flu which wiped out more people in the United States than our nation lost in World War I. The threat of such things, held partially in check by the diligence of the medical profession, is nevertheless perpetual.

All kinds of fatal diseases lie submerged within the microscopic life surrounding all men, and any of these may break forth at any time. God's protection of his own is assured in words such as these.

From the New Testament, we learn that God's children are by no means to be protected from death from every threat and at all times. What is meant is that God will protect them even "through death. This does not deny that the Providence of God does indeed provide protection from the most terrible dangers for those who truly love him, doing so now in this present earthly life. If Moses was the author of this, as the Rabbinic tradition assures us, then Moses had actually seen instances of such marvelous help of God's people in the midst of abounding misfortunes for the wicked.

Psalm 91:1

For example, the plague of boils was a horrible pestilence upon the Egyptians, as was the plague of the murrain of cattle Genesis 9 ; but, "Nothing that belonged to the children of Israel died" Genesis Furthermore, God's victory over Amalek Exodus 17 and over the Amorites and the Moabites Numbers 21provided instances in which God's followers suffered very few casualties and the enemies Were destroyed.

Also in Joshua's conquest of Canaan, there were numerous examples of that same providence. Yates pointed out that the Jewish Talmud identified these lines with the night-time demon Lilithand the day-time demon Namtar"Suggesting that the psalm be used in the case of demonic attacks. Christ indeed cast out demons; and there are many New Testament references to demonic possession, but in all instances where Christ is known and loved, demon-possession seems now to be an utter impossibility.

There is much that men do not know about this; and there are instances of human depravity which indeed seem to be demonically induced.

Psalm 1 – The Way of the Righteous and the Way of the Ungodly

Nevertheless, the pestilence and destruction mentioned here are not connected in any way with demons. Briggs stated that there is a Messianic significance in this passage; [8] and certainly Satan himself thought it applied to Christ, for he quoted Psalms to Jesus Christ in the temptation recorded in Matthew and Luke Christ, of course refused the Devil's suggestion that he cast himself from the pinnacle of the temple, noting that such an action would tempt God.

For our full comments on that episode, see in my New Testament series of commentaries under those references. Promises just as glorious as these are provided for the Christians in the New Testament, as for example, in Romans ; but as Kidner cautioned, "The assurance here is that nothing can touch God's servant except by God's permission, and that no rebel Psalms can escape God's punishment.

This promise has its New Testament echo in Hebrewswhere it is stated that "all," the entire host of the heavenly angels, are charged with the duty of ministering unto them that shall be the heirs of salvation. The following things which angels do for the redeemed are mentioned in the Bible: 1 They bear away the souls of the righteous in death Luke The Psalm of Divine Protection!

The Psalm of Divine Refuge! The Psalm of Divine Strength! With An Enduring Faith commentary. Psalm 91 is a foundational teaching of The Joseph Plan. There are three speakers in this Psalm. First we hear from a group of people. Secondly, the Psalmist speaks.

Thirdly, from God Himself. A place of glorious safety, a place of glorious peace and joy. You are our safe place Lord, a strong, defended place. We can truly trust You-Jesus.

You only God will save us from the temptations of Satan and the new illnesses that are coming upon the land. He will cover you like a mother bird protects her young. God will do what he promised. Put on the armour of God. Pick up the truth, your shield of faith, which the Psalmist calls the buckler.

The full armour of God was present in the Old Testament. It is all available for us today. As is Jesus. Do not be afraid of the bad spirits of the night.

Or the words shot at you during the day. Or the illnesses that sweep the land. Or the fear caused by the quakings of society and of most peoples soul. Jesus will protect us. Do not fear the illnesses and destruction sweeping the land. God is to be trusted for His protection. Call on the Lord and trust Him. During this final age, death from nuclear radioactivity and diseases and wars will kill many. But your belief and faith in the Almighty One will protect and keep you His.

During these times God will give you the strength to see and watch the lost die of their hate, anger, compulsions, and sin. But you will be given the power to avoid or stay away from it, what ever it is. We will watch them fall, but we will be able to stand strong.


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